~ Satires ~


» Chimney

» Spring winds

» A blue-eyed professor

» The dream of an artist

» Martha and sisters

» Collectors of information

» The books of promises

» The gallery of strangers

» A call at midnight


 ۞ 

Today’s society is confronted with many problems and challenges that are present in every segment of life. We can come to the source of these problems by revealing and illuminating each individual and his world from within. Man’s personal drama and falls, which often have total power over him, are not only his, but also social ones. People find the meaning of their lives more and more difficult. There is little harmony, love, understanding and honor, and there is more and more distrust, hatred, malice and lies. Today, moral values perhaps take the most difficult test in human history. The fall of these values is often the cause of mockery, criticism and condemnation of all those negative lines of many personalities and societies, which can sometimes be so strong that they devalue all human beings in both man and human society. The themes of satires are human stupidity, depravity, immorality and greed. Regardless of whether they are written in verse or prose, or are told by caricature, their goal is always the same: to change the world. In order to better describe man’s vices and faults, satirists often use allusion, metaphor, irony, hyperbole, and allegory. Sarcasm, hidden in the context, is there to help them humiliate the bearers of vices and faults, playing with words. Without fear, they sharply criticize the actuality of their time. Often deeply disappointed in the people and the phenomena that surround them, they, with their sentences, transmit allegorical meanings, images and statements, which are colored by irony and ridicule. On the old stage, where interesting performances take place for centuries, we encounter different characters and situations. Gogol’s postman likes to open others’ letters, officials plunder state property, doctors do not cure patients, and judges do not do their job. His careerists are plotting and flattering. Among them, the worst are uneducated, unscrupulous and lazy, and those with limited abilities whose meaning of life is looting. In satires, material poverty is often endowed with spiritual health, strength, endurance, and dignity, and abundance is placed in spiritual lethargy, emptiness, boredom, monotony and indifference. Superstition is often the result of regression and lack of education. Life is reduced to a struggle for survival in which opponents do not choose resources to win. Only resourceful, cunning and imaginative win in this fight. The defeated sometimes receive only respect for their strength, inner beauty, integrity, honesty, humanity, and principles that they never give up. Dostoyevsky revealed the underworld of the human psyche, and Chekhov laughed at the folly of the people. Many details and seemingly insignificant motifs from everyday life, in his short stories, gained a significant place. He turned sadness into laughter and sent many multifarious messages to the readers. His humor is bitter. This bitterness is perceived by every man’s fall. He has stumbled for centuries, walking in the darkness of his own stupidity, greed, embezzlement, lies, scheming, selfishness, corruption, negligence and clutter. Humor shown in satires is not harmless. It does not only mean that one should laugh at someone’s stupidity, but also to run away from these same stupidities. Satirical laughter is sharp; in it there is a lot of sarcasm and strong irony. This laugh is caused by many rises and falls, accompanied by luxury, wastefulness, degeneration, inactivity and disorientation. The sense of satire is often hidden. We come to it by studying man and his mental state, objects and phenomena from his surroundings, ambiance, space and time in which he lives. Symbols, humorous descriptions and allegories contribute to a great deal of understanding of that meaning. Psychological analysis of portraits as well as detailed descriptions of faces and movements, speak about the character and inner states of the person who is the subject of satire. From these descriptions we often sense interesting monologues, which close the character into his own world and distance him from the environment. These silent monologues, written on the pages of his consciousness and subconscious, show the complexity of his mental life. Chekhov said: “All meaning and all the drama of man is in him, and not in external manifestations.”
(Author Suzana Stojanović)