~ Short Stories ~


» Vardar

» Baudelaire’s Street

» Step forward

» In the trough

» Waiting for a friend

» Charlie and distances

» The flame at the top of the iceberg

» The die is cast

» In pursuit of victims

» The story about the flower

» Meeting with hope

» A strange bride

» Freedom is power

» The Prince and the Beggar


 ۞ 

From his inception, the man passed through various periods and was subject to unceasing changes and influences. All of this produced a desire for recording and narrating in him. He often transformed the real facts and events into fictitious stories, by which he created and opened up some new, psychologically and philosophically profound, worlds. The beauties of these imaginary worlds have sometimes been reflected in the richness of language, sometimes in expressed feelings and experiences, and sometimes in uniqueness and originality. By showing all of these many-sided phenomena, stories became the mirror of ideas and perceptions of an individual, an epoch or a nation. They represent a synthesis of knowledge and experience, culture and tradition, customs and beliefs. Human tendencies toward humanistic and moral values have often encouraged many writers to create through history. Social morality is a theme of literary art from its beginnings to this day. By showing positive and negative phenomena, literature gives the man the opportunity to see himself and the world around him. The loaded layers of facts, thoughts, attitudes, feelings and moods often turn into short stories about many, deeply lived moments. Each of these short stories is a distinct world. Some of these worlds are easy to open to readers, and some are closed, enigmatic and mysterious. The charm of reading is just in the effort to discover and understand hidden meanings, allegories and symbols. Great works always leave spaces for some new research and study. In this way they provide time duration, constant actuality and imperishable freshness. The creator, inspired by many sayings, short anecdotes, objects, phenomena, processes, documents, scientific writings, and sometimes by fairy tales, brings all these elements into a harmonious relation, in a mutual correlation and causality, which in the readers causes curiosity and desire for discovery and new knowledge. The subject of some stories is sometimes fictitious, and sometimes the real person, whose fate inspired the author to create the work. In one of these characters, the reader finds and recognizes himself, his life and his internal conflicts. Each new sentence awakens in him thinking and reconsideration. The purpose of each of these sentences is to bring him to the idea and message. Each message carries the color of its time. Readers of different epochs in the same work find different purports and meanings. Time and human destinies are constantly changing, moving from one state of mood, feeling and situations into a new atmosphere and ambiance. Sadness, fear, trepidation and suspicion in one moment become joy, optimism, enthusiasm and happiness, and vice versa. A story without reading does not exist. It only comes alive with a reader, sometimes many years later since its creation. On long journeys through history, a man constantly came across questions that he did not receive answers. Confused before the mystery of nature and existence, he constantly strives to comprehend and connect all those unknown phenomena. From this encounter with incomprehensible and inexplicable, especially with what is far and unattainable, many texts, which expressing his state of consciousness, but also an unceasing tendency to make far and strangely closer and more comprehensible, to find explanation for some phenomena, were created. The rich libraries, created for thousands of years, left inexhaustible sources of wisdom and knowledge and many emotional experiences to mankind on their pages. Some of these pages bring serenity, freshness and enthusiasm, and some lead us to the conclusion that everything in this world is unstoppable and transient. In his short stories, Anton Chekhov describes the mental states and inner unrest of ordinary people, their naivety, goodness, dependence, subordination, insecurity, disorientation in everyday situations and their fear of the powerful people. He composes them masterfully and nothing, while we read them, we do not perceive as superfluous or insufficient; details, language and images are combined into a perfect whole that leaves us breathless. One of his short stories that captivate the beauty of narration and the mastery of composing is “Sorrow”. He found inspiration in a lonely man who came from the village to the city to continue the job of his only son as a coachman, who, after a short illness, died. After the death of his son, there remained only a great and endless sorrow that, although surrounded by a multitude of people, he had no one to share with, because everyone was indifferent to the others trouble and suffering. Although there is no developed plot because it is not focused on events and actions, but on interpersonal situations, which are in function of the inner state, this story is powerful because it expands the images of that invisible, psychic event. This inner state the author illustrates by the introduction of a set of free motifs that he puts one next to each other and, from that, he creates a succinct prose whole. Loneliness is one of the dominant motifs. The sad man is alone in the mass and in the world. Everything that surrounds him is far, strange and cold. Thomas Mann, fascinated by the mastery of Chekhov’s narration in a small, prose form, said that he could not even guess until he read his works, that the power of the genius can be compacted in the walnut shell, and that the short story with its clarity and conciseness could encompass the core and content of life, and by its power it can surpass the greatest novels and cause endless admiration in us. Once upon a time creators had more time to read, think, study, and write. With the advancement of civilization, the demands and reader’s views changed. This is one of the primary reasons why the stories in recent times are shorter and more concise. It seems that readers are only rushing to their points, but that content is the most important because it feeds the mind, enriches the spirit and encourages deep thinking and discovery. Sometimes the lesson that the story carries is easily revealed from its title, sometimes even from its first sentences, but this discovery is often much more difficult and more complex than it looks; we need to read it carefully so that we can understand and figure out events and characters. However, regardless of all the established rules and values, in order to survive and remain, a man, both as a creator and as a reader, is forced to change and adapt to modern times. A short story was born in America and took the primacy in a short prose form. It usually involves an event or shorter period from the life of one person, which had a decisive importance for the fate of that person, and in which some of its essential character was expressed. The action contained in it is not developed and branched, but several stages interweave in one situation; there are also no episodes as they would violate the integrity of narration, which is focused on individual destiny and its inner world. What is general and beyond the world of an individual is neglected. In a short story there is no place for a broad development of events and social analysis; the action is not relevant and it is reduced to a minimum; the dialogue has been minimized or not at all, as there are no dynamic motifs, movements or changes in situations. The writer does not care much about what is happening outside the main character, but what is happening in him; interest is concentrated on his mental state and survival; detailed psychological analysis and imaging of the selected character dominates. The narration is concise; the lexicon is selected and functional. Masters of short stories, from Nikolay Vasilyevich Gogol to David Foster Wallace, left behind a handful of important messages and lessons and enriched world literature with their masterpieces.
(Author Suzana Stojanović)